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Aapravasi Ghat: Land of Indentured labour and home of a modern Diaspora

It was here that almost half a million indentured labourers were moved to work on sugarcane plantations and be part of the ‘great experiment’

Mauritius, April 28 (Uitv) - A UNESCO world heritage site, the Aapravasi Ghat in the Mauritian capital, Port Louis, is the roof of an important episode from Indian history.

Located on the bay of Trou Fanfaron, the Aapravasi Ghat is the remains of an immigration depot and the site from where modern indentured labour Diaspora emerged.

The buildings at the site, continue to remain reminiscent of what now is one of the earliest examples of the roots of a global economic system and one of the greatest migrations in history.

Built in 1849, this site in Mauritius witnessed the success of the great experiment as it was from here, around two million indentured labourers were migrated across the world with almost half a million to Mauritius itself.

The majority of Indian workers arriving at the Immigration Depot came from the northern part of the subcontinent, corresponding to the present states of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh.


The property has seen many conservation projects over a period of time, with ICOMOS India being part of it. A photo and an architectural documentation were undertaken before initiating the conservation works and during the conservation process.

Owned by the ministry of arts and culture, the property is protected as a national heritage with the Municipal Council of Port-Louis, Aapravasi Ghat Trust Fund, a technical team and some international experts being the benefactors.

In 2015, Indian Prime minister, Narendra Modi, visited the site to pay tribute to the indentured labour who had gone to the foreign land to give themselves a new life but rather landed shaping the future of Mauritius among many other distant lands.


Video Source: Youtube