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The lesser known cultural heritage of India Pattadakal Temples of Bagalkote

Pattadakal monuments are situated in the Indian state of Karnataka

Belgaum (karnataka) May 24, (UITV): The Pattadakal monuments are situated in the Indian state of Karnataka, about 165 kilometres (103 mi) southeast of Belgaum, 265 kilometres (165 mi) northeast from Goa, 14 miles (23 km) from Badami, via Karanataka state highway SH14, and about 6 miles (9.7 km) from Aihole, set midpoint sandstone mountains and Malprabha river valley. In entire, there are over 150 Hindu, Jain and Buddhist monuments, and archaeological discoveries, dating from the 4th to 10th century CE, with addition to pre-historic dolmens and cave paintings that are conserved at the Pattadakal-Badami-Aihole site. The small village of Pattadakal is located on the banks of the Malaprabha river. Cited as Petrigal by Ptolemy, Pattadakal was later known differently as Raktapura (Red Town) & Pattadakal Kisuvolal . This place reached its peak of fame under the Chalukyas from the seventh to the ninth centuries operating as a aristocratic memorial site. The group of about ten temples, encircled by multiple minor shrines & plinths, symbolises the climax of early Western Chalukyan Architecture. King Vikramaditya II (734 – 745 AD) and his art loving queens Lokmahadevi & Trailkyamahadevi, brought sculptors from Kanchipuram to create fantasies in stone in Pattadakal .

Jambulinga Temple

Another tiny temple with a fine figure of the Dancing Shiva with Nandi & Parvathi by his side. erected with a northern style tower, there is a horse-shoe arched projection on its facade.

The Pattadakal monuments are situated in the Indian state of Karnataka, about 165 kilometres (103 mi) southeast of Belgaum, 265 kilometres (165 mi) northeast from Goa, 14 miles (23 km) from Badami, via Karanataka state highway SH14, and about 6 miles (9.7 km) from Aihole, set midpoint sandstone mountains and Malprabha river valley. In entire, there are over 150 Hindu, Jain and Buddhist monuments, and archaeological discoveries, dating from the 4th to 10th century CE, with addition to pre-historic dolmens and cave paintings that are conserved at the Pattadakal-Badami-Aihole site. The small village of Pattadakal is located on the banks of the Malaprabha river. Cited as Petrigal by Ptolemy, Pattadakal was later known differently as Raktapura (Red Town) & Pattadakal Kisuvolal . This place reached its peak of fame under the Chalukyas from the seventh to the ninth centuries operating as a aristocratic memorial site. The group of about ten temples, encircled by multiple minor shrines & plinths, symbolises the climax of early Western Chalukyan Architecture. King Vikramaditya II (734 – 745 AD) and his art loving queens Lokmahadevi & Trailkyamahadevi, brought sculptors from Kanchipuram to create fantasies in stone in Pattadakal .



Virupaksha Temple

The Mallikarjuna & the Virupaksha temples were constructed by two queens of Vikaramaditya II to celebrate the victory of the Chalukyas over the Pallavas. As the Virupaksha temple was constructed by Queen Lokamahadevi, it was initially called Lokeshwara. The temple is affluent in sculpture like those of Lingodbhava, Nataraja, Ravananugraha & Ugranarasimha. Built in the southern Dravida style, it is the biggest temple in the enclosure. Jain Temple Half a Kilometer from the enclosure, on the Pattadakal-Badami Road, is this Jain temple built in the Dravidian style. It has some very wonderful sculpture & possibly dates from the ninth century.



Galaganath Temple

Constructed out of sandstone, the tower is in the northern “Rekhanagara” style. The temple was possibly never completed. It contains an amazing sculpture of Shiva in the act of killing the Andhakasura.



Sanghameswara Temple

Perhaps the ancient temple in Pattadakal, it was constructed by King Vijayaditya ( 696-733 AD) & was called Vijayewara after him. Now called Sangameshwara, the temple is built in Dravidian style & consists of a sanctum, inner passage & a hall. There are sculptures on the outer wall like those of Ugranarasimha & Nataraja.



Kada Siddeshwara Temple

This small temple, built in the North Indian style, consists of shrine & a hall. There is an excellent sculpture which represents Shiva holding a serpent & trident in his raised arms with Parvathi by his side.



Malikarjuna Temple

Built by Trailokyamahadevi, the queen of Vikramaditya II (734-745AD), it was initially called Trailokeshwara Temple. It is close to the Virupaksha Temple but smaller in size. The ceiling has panels of Gajalakshmi & Nataraja with Parvathi. Pillars in the temple portray the birth & life of Krishna. There are sculptures of Mahishasuramardini (very similar to the one in Mamallapuram) & Ugranarasimha.

Papanatha Temple Just outside the enclosure is this ornate temple built about 680 AD. This was  a premature attempt to evolve the northern style of architecture, which was later deserted in advocation of the more balanced Dravidian or Pallava style. It consists of majestic sculpted scenes from Ramayana & Mahabharatha.

Sculpture Gallery There is a sculpture gallery conserved by Archeological survey of India within the Pattadakal temple complex.



Cultural significance and strength

Banashankari Temple Festival is held near Badami during January-February each year.
Virupaksha Temple Car Festival in Pattadakal in March.
Mallikarjuna Temple Festival in Pattadakal in March-April.