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Nainital: Lake District of India

Nainital Lake

Bengaluru, Jan 20 (UiTV) - Nainital is a famous hill station in India located in Uttarakhand. It is commonly known as the "Lake District of India" which is surrounded by mountains on three sides. The beautiful lake named Naini Tal makes the place more beautiful and is the center of attraction, situated at a height of 1,938 meters. The name of the place is derived from 'Naina' means eye and 'Tal' means lake.  

According to some legends, when the Goddess Sati lost her eyes, she was being carried by Lord Shiva and a lake was formed and it was Naini Tal lake(an eye-shaped lake) and the place got its name. The town is surrounded by seven different hills which are popularly known as 'Sapta-Shring'. These seven surrounding hills are Ayarpata, Deopata, Handi-Bandi, Naina, Alma, Lariya-Kanta, and Sher-Ka-Danda. The hills, lakes, and its weather condition add the beauty of the town making it one of the most visited hill stations in northern India.

As per modern historical records, Nainital was discovered in 1839 by P. Barron, a British sugar merchant. He was deeply attracted by the beauty of the lake and its surrounding forest, he again came back with a sailing boat and built a house and named it 'Pilgrim's Cottage'. This started the attention of people from various places and places began to colonize and many mountains resorts were started building. Before 1839 the valley was covered by thick forests and inhabited by hill tribes.

The surroundings and nearby areas of Nainital are rich in flora and fauna. The commonly found botanical plants are Quercus incana Oak, Aesculus indica, Juglans regia, Populus ciliata, Fraxinus micrantha, Platanus orientalis, Rubus lasiocarpus, Rosa moschata, Berberis asiatica, Cupressus torulosa, Rhododendron arboreum, Cedrus deodara, Salix acmophylla, and Pinus.

The best time to visit the hill station is between March to June and also in September and October. There is snowfall in the month of January to March. The weather is pleasant throughout the year but the winter months may experience extreme winter. The day temperature is regulated by the lake.

Things to explore in Nainital:

  • Naini Lake
  • Naina Devi Temple
  • Snow View
  • Naina Peak
  • Hanuman Garhi
  • Rajbhawan
  • Rajbhawan Golf Course
  • St. John's Church
  • High Altitude Zoo

Nearby places:

  • Khurpatal - 12 km away from Nainital
  • Sariyatal - 5 km from Nainital, a small beautiful lake
  • Sat Tal - 23 km from Nainital, cluster of lakes snuggled with thick forests.
  • Pangot - 15 km from Nainital, famous for jungles and birds
  • Brahmsthali - a small temple at 9091 ft with 1.5 km of a trek to temple.
  • Kilbury - 12 km away from Nainital town, a place with green forests
  • Kainchi Dham - 17 km from Nainital, a modern pilgrim center
  • Bhimtal - 22 km from Nainital, a place with a beautiful lake,
  • Mukteshwar - 51 km from Nainital, surrounded by fruit orchards and thick coniferous forests
  • Naukuchiatal - A beautiful lake
  • Ghorakhal - Famous for the temple of Lord Golu
  • Ghorakhal Tea Garden - Tea garden with a tea factory
  • Bhalu Gaad fall - Waterfall
  • Garjiya Devi Temple - A famous temple on the outskirts of the Corbett National Park
  • Sitabani Temple - Located in Sitavani Jungles of the Jim Corbett National Park

How to Reach?

By airways - Pant Nagar is the nearest airport to Nainital which is at a distance of 65 km.

By railways - Kathgodam is the nearest railway station which is at a distance of 36 km.

By roadways - Nainital is well connected with roads, 306 km from Delhi, 284 km from Dehradun.