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Thailand: Erawan National Park

Erawan National Park

THAILAND, JAN 23,(UITV): Located in West Thailand within the Tenasserim Hills range of Kanchanaburi Province, it's home to at least one of the foremost popular falls within the country. Founded in 1975 as Thailand’s 12th park , it's covering a neighborhood of 550 km².

The major attraction of the park is that the 7-tiered Erawan Falls with emerald green ponds. There also are several impressive and long caves within the park, a number of them deeper inside the park, few of them along the roads round the park. The park and therefore the falls are named after the three-headed white elephant of Hindu mythology. the highest tier of the falls is claimed to resemble an elephant head.

Around 80% of the park is mixed deciduous forests and therefore the rest on higher elevations deeper inside deciduous dipterocarp and dry evergreen forests. The park consists of limestone hills, plains and variety of streams. Elevation is around 165 to 996 meters asl.

The surrounding mountains protect the park from eastern monsoon leading to less rainfall compared to the opposite forested areas further west. The season is May to October with most rainfall around September to October and a touch into November. the remainder of the year is sort of dry, with a touch cooler weather around November to January.

The park is open all year round, even on public holidays.

Due to a limited number of trails, wildlife watching possibilities around the national park is very limited. Only relatively common species elsewhere in the country can be found in the park, not many unique habitats.

Of the mammal species, crab-eating macaque and wild boar are common. Deeper into the forest some more exciting animals like barking deer, Asian elephant, gibbon, Indochinese serow and sambar deer can be found.

There are around 120 bird species recorded in the park. Birds like crested serpent eagle, kalij pheasant, grey peacock-pheasant, lesser shortwing, great hornbill are all found in the park.

Of the reptile species the rare Kanburi pit viper, Burma smooth skin/a> (Scincella punctatolineata) and many other common species can be found. Big water monitor lizards/a>, sometimes reaching a bit above 1.5 meters long can be found around the streams along the tiers. These lizards are harmless, never attacks, but you are not recommended to get more than a couple of meters near.